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Pregnancy
Links to articles related to pregnancy, labour, birth, interventions, postnatal, baby and parenting.

This section is broken down into the following sub-categories:

Pregnancy

Click on any of the links below to open in a new browser window:

About midwives
Article on www.midwife.org.nz
A midwife is a person who, having been admitted to a midwifery educational programme, duly recognised in the country in which it is located, has successfully completed the prescribed course of studies in midwifery and has acquired the requisite qualifications to be registered and/or legally licensed to practise midwifery."
Antenatal growth charts
Information on www.gestation.net
Weight and fundal height measurements graphs
Asthma
Article on www.asthmanz.co.nz
Around one third of women find their asthma improves in pregnancy, one third stay the same and one third find their asthma gets worse.
Bleeding gums
Article on www.babycenter.com
Bleeding, sensitive gums are a common complaint during pregnancy. Higher progesterone levels cause your gums to react more to the bacteria in plaque. That, along with an increased blood supply to your mouth, can result in swollen, tender gums that bleed when you floss or brush.
Braxton Hicks contractions
Article on www.babycenter.com
Sometime toward the middle of your pregnancy (or even earlier), you may notice the muscles of your uterus tightening for anywhere from 30 to 60 seconds. Not all women feel these random, usually painless contractions.
Childbirth Choices
Article on www.everybody
Pregnancy and birth are normal parts of a woman's life, which may be shared with her family/whanau. The first health professional you see in your pregnancy is required to provide you with information regarding the options you have for caregivers and place of birth.
Comparing Risks of Cesarean Section with Risks of Vaginal Birth
Article on www.maternitywise.org
A systematic review comparing the full range of risks to help you make a truly informed decision
Consensus Statements by New Zealand College of Midwives
Article on www.midwife.org.nz
The purpose of New Zealand College of Midwives Consensus Statements are to provide women, midwives and the maternity services with the professions position on any given situation. The guidelines are designed to educate and support best practice.
Eating well in pregnancy
Article on www.everybody.co.nz
Eating a nutritious and varied diet in pregnancy is the best way of caring for yourself and your baby. This topic outlines what is meant by a nutritious and varied diet and is suitable for most pregnant women. There are some women who may need to make some special changes when they are pregnant.
Exercise in Pregnancy - How important is it?
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
Written by Jill Dunn - MHSc Complementary Medicine, Registered Naturopath, Registered Medical Herbalist, Registered Nurse (Non-practising)
There are many good reasons to continue to exercise or even begin exercising if you aren’t already, during pregnancy.
Fetal development
Article on www.everybody.co.nz
The development of your baby in the womb is a wonderful process. We have compiled a month-by-month timescale of what happens in the womb. But keep in mind that different pregnancies do develop at different rates.
Finding a Good Midwife
Article on www.coffeegroup.org
We are very lucky in NZ to have such wide choices of care. This should mean that everyone can find someone just right for them for that very special time. Of course, the more rural the area you reside in is, the fewer choices there are, or you have to be prepared to travel to them.
Food Safety
Article on www.nzfsa.govt.nz
This information outlines the different types of foodborne illness, how they can affect pregnant women and their babies and how women can help to avoid them. It also contains a list of foods and their associated risks. The basic message of food safety, as always, is clean, cook, cover, chill.
Gestational Diabetes
Article on www.parentscentre.org.nz
There is international agreement that gestational diabetes is diabetes (or glucose intolerance) that is first recognised in pregnancy and in New Zealand, occurs in 2 - 5% of pregnant women.
Group B streptococcus
Article on www.everybody.co.nz
Group B streptococcus (group B strep) is a common bacteria. It is almost always harmless in adults. In rare cases, however, a woman who has group B strep can infect her baby during delivery. This can cause serious illness in the newborn. The mother may also become very ill from the infection after the delivery.
Health during pregnancy
Information on pcnzweb
A woman's body makes huge adjustments to a pregnancy. It will make any change necessary for the healthy growth of the baby. Most of these changes happen in the first three months to anticipate the possible demands of the growing baby and to provide stores of fat and minerals which later will nourish the breastfed infant. All these changes stem from the effect of the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone which are produced by the cells of the placenta.

Herbal Medicine and Pregnancy
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
Written by Jill Dunn - MHSc Complementary Medicine, Registered Naturopath, Registered Medical Herbalist, Registered Nurse (Non-practising)
There are three herbal teas, red raspberry leaf, nettle and oatstraw, which herbalists generally recommend during pregnancy.
Homeopathy
Article on www.homeopathy-soh.org
The many physical and emotional changes of pregnancy may cause minor health problems, such as mild urinary problems, diarrhoea, heartburn, anaemia, varicose veins, backache, cramps, thrush or emotional distress
Homeopathy
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
Homeopathy is a therapeutic system of medicine that was developed over 200 years ago by Samuel Hahneman, a German physician, and is based on the principle of similars- ‘like cures like.’ This means that a substance that can cause certain symptoms in a healthy person, can cure similar symptoms in a person who is unwell when given in very dilute amounts.
How can homeopathy help during the birth?
Article on www.homeopathy-soh.org
During pregnancy it is especially important to eat well, from a wide range of foods - as this will provide you with the extra trace minerals and vitamins that you need.
Itchy skin
Article on www.babycenter.com
It's not uncommon to feel itchy in some areas, particularly around your growing belly and breasts as your skin stretches to accommodate them. Pregnancy hormones may also be partly to blame.
Maternity Services Consumer Satisfaction Survey
Article on www.moh.govt.nz
This survey represents the views of 2909 women who gave birth in New Zealand during February and March 2002.
Midwifery & Maternity services in New Zealand
Article on www.midwife.org.nz
New Zealand women and their families/whanau have access to personal, practical and professional care from midwives from early pregnancy right through until four to six weeks after the birth.
Morning Sickness
Article on www.babycenter.com
Three out of four pregnant women suffer from nausea — and sometimes vomiting, too, especially in their first trimester. For many, symptoms are worst in the morning, hence the name "morning sickness." For others, stomach churning lasts morning, noon, and night.
Morning Sickness
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
Written by Jill Dunn - MHSc Complementary Medicine, Registered Naturopath, Registered Medical Herbalist, Registered Nurse (Non-practising)
Morning sickness is a general term that describes digestive upset that commences any where between 2 and 8 weeks of pregnancy and which ranges from mild, occasional queasiness, to vomiting.

Nappy rash – Looking at causes, prevention and treatment
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
Written by Jill Dunn - MHSc Complementary Medicine, Registered Naturopath, Registered Medical Herbalist, Registered Nurse (Non-practising)
It is a rare baby that escapes some form of nappy rash over the two years that it wears nappies, particularly when teething or if baby has diarrhoea. Nappy rash is an irritant dermatitis that causes pain and itching for the infant, and distress for the parents.
Normal Pregnancy
Article on www.hcd2.bupa.co.uk
Usually, a pregnancy is 40 weeks in length, counting from the first day of your last menstrual cycle period. Pregnancy is broken down into three phases, which are called trimesters. The first trimester lasts 12 weeks, the second from 13 to 27 weeks and the third from 28 to 40 weeks.
Nutrition in Pregnancy - Giving the best start
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
Written by Jill Dunn - MHSc Complementary Medicine, Registered Naturopath, Registered Medical Herbalist, Registered Nurse (Non-practising)
Good nutrition is something you can give your developing baby for the best chance of a lifetime of good health. It is also something you can give to yourself. There is nothing like the fatigue of pregnancy, or following child birth, and it is not surprising considering the physical and emotional stresses affecting you at these times
Possible complications
Article on www.huggies.com
Most pregnancies will continue without any problems at all, however, a small percentage of pregnancies suffer from complications. We have tried to identify some of the more common possible complications and provide a brief overview. If you require more information or advice you should contact your doctor.
Preeclampsia (toxaemia)
Article on www.everybody.co.nz
Preeclampsia is a problem that may occur in pregnancy. It was sometimes called toxaemia. It can lead to health risks for you and your baby. No one knows what causes preeclampsia, but it almost always goes away soon after giving birth.
Pregnancy & childbirth
Articles on www.govt.nz
about pregnancy, childbirth and
health research.
Pregnancy Niggles
Article on www.treasures.com
The A to Z of Pregnancy Niggles. They are known as the minor complaints of pregnancy, but they are all pretty horrible The vast majority of pregnancy complaints pose no risk to your health, but that does not stop them being a burden especially if you suffer from several at once.
Pregnancy Tracker
Article on www.treasuresbaby.com
Our week by week guide explains exactly why you look, feel and act the way you do from conception to birth.
Report on Maternity 2002
Article on www.moh.govt.nz
It contains information on the outcomes, availability and utilisation of maternity services for women who gave birth in New Zealand in 2002.
Rhesus negative blood and pregnancy
Article on www.everybody.co.nz
When a mother is Rh negative and the fetus is Rh positive, there can be health risks for the fetus.
Short term memory
Article on www.babycenter.com
In your first trimester, you may be distracted by worries about your baby's health, as well as exhausted and nauseated from the hormonal changes you're undergoing. And during your last trimester you may be overwhelmed or just plain distracted by the huge life changes you're about to experience, and once again feeling exhausted if you're having trouble getting a good night's sleep.
Should Three-Dimensional Fetal Imaging Be Used for Nondiagnostic Portraits?
Many expectant mothers are excited about the opportunity to obtain 3D or 4D (real-time 3D) ultrasounds to bond with their babies. Unfortunately, women do not know the potential risks involved in diagnostic testing when there is no medical indication.
Should you drink alcohol during pregnancy?
Article on www.parentscentre.org.nz
"There is no known safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Therefore parents planning a pregnancy and women who are pregnant should be advised not to drink alcohol?"
Sleeping while pregnant
Article on www.huggies.com
Sleep will become the focus of your life for quite a while. Firstly with your sleep and then with your new babys sleep, or lack of sleep.
Travel when pregnant
Article on www.huggies.com
Continuing to drive your car while pregnant is essential for most women. If you are continuing to work through your pregnancy, you may be required to travel interstate as part of your job, and many pregnant women plan a holiday with their partner for before the baby is born and this usually means travelling some distance to your holiday destination.
Ultrasound
Article on www.parentscentre.org.nz
The value of routine ultrasound in pregnancy remains controversial however. It is important to differentiate between routine ultrasound scanning where all pregnant women are scanned, and where it is clinically indicated.
Wellington City Libraries
Information on www.wcl.govt.nz
From conception through child-rearing, from yoga and nutrition for pregnant women to books for new fathers, Wellington City Libraries has the information for you.
Yoga
Article on www.nourish.net.nz
In Yoga, the body and mind are linked to create a state of internal peacefulness and integration, bringing the individual from a state of separation to a self-unity that is flexible, accepting and whole
Yoga and Pregnancy
Article on yoga.org.nz
Yoga is the perfect way to stay flexible, create energy, relive stress and prepare for birth.
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